Saturday, August 9, 2008

Arabica and Robusta

There are two types of coffee plant which is exploits on large scale. They are Arabica and Robusta. Arabica responsible for 75% of world coffee production, while Robusta gives 20%.  Robusta also has an low quality  because higher level of caffeine that also influences the tastes.


Robusta is little bitter than Arabica, and has a darker color.  Another major difference between Arabica and Robusta coffee plant lies in pollination specificity: Arabica for instance is self fertilizing whereas Robusta depends on cross pollination. The full development of the coffee fruit, the delicious bean we depend on for our morning coffee, takes about thirty to thirty-five weeks after which it's time to harvest. As for the growth period of the coffee plant until it becomes fertile it ranges between four and five years.

One great surprise came when a naturally decaffeinated type of coffee plant was discovered in Brazil, with a lot better flavor than the no-caffeine coffee brands manufactured at present. Flavor is usually lost because caffeine is extracted with the help of solvents, while if it be completely absent from the chemical composition of the plant, the flavor would remain untouched. Cultivating this type of coffee plant would mean a true revolution in the business, and things are not far from moving in that direction.



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